Martin Levy, “Chemistry and Chemical Technology in Mesopotamia”, 1959, was the topic of an earlier blog post.
Daniel G. Fahrenheit, “Experimenta & Observationes de Congelatione aque in vacuo facta a”, 1724 was the invention of the mercury-in-glass thermometer; and, also was the topic of an earlier blog post.
Here I present: Martin Levy, “Chemistry and Chemical Technology in Mesopotamia’, 1959, PART TWO (2).
Mesopotamia’ was the first civilization to have writing. Alchemy was a type of chemical philosophy that originated in ancient Mesopotamia’. This chemical philosophy had the Alchemy Symbols shown BELOW.
The bottom line of the table “Planets & Metals” are the chemical elements known in ancient Mesopotamia’.
Silver Ag, Mercury Hg, Copper Cu, Gold Au, Iron Fe, Tin Sn, Lead Pb.
Sulphur S, and Carbon C were chemical elements known by ancient Mesopotamia’.
Silver is element number #47 with symbol Ag. Mesopotamian Akkadian meaning to “smelt” is the etymology of “silver”.
- Silver Ag (#47) 𒊭𒁺𒁍/𒊭𒅈𒇥 (siolfor/seolfor) from Mesopotamian Akkadian is used in periodic tables of chemical elements in the English language.
- The Latin “argentum” is the source of the “Ag” symbol in periodic tables of chemical elements for “silver”.
Here I presented: Martin Levy, “Chemistry and Chemical Technology in Mesopotamia’, PART TWO (2).
Sumerian cuneiform of Mesopotamia’ is the oldest writing system in the world.
The Sumerian language of Mesopotamia’ is shown in the diagram BELOW to be a member of NOSTRATIC superphylum within the “Elamo-Dravidian” phylum.
The Dravidian language tree is shown BELOW. These languages of mostly Southern India are associated with the use of the “right hand” for eating. This custom of eating with the fingers by Dravidians is based upon chemical philosophy of ancient Dravidians that were in contact with ancient Mesopotamia’.
Robert Boyle, The Sceptical Chymist, 1661 was also the topic of an earlier blog post.