The Scientific Revolution of 1543 AD consisted of a pair of books by Nicolaus Copernicus & Andreas Vesalius on astronomy and anatomy. Here I present a pair anatomical texts of equal historical significance. William of Saliceto, “Anatomia (Chirurgia)”, 1275; and, Henry Gray, “Anatomy: Descriptive and Surgical”. 1858 are a pair of anatomical texts also of historical value. Andreas Vesalius, “On the Fabric of the Human Body”, 1543 resulted in The Church issuing his death-sentence. Henry Gray’s, “Anatomy”, 1858 England publication (followed by the 1859 American publication) is the anatomy text of the Charles Darwin, “Origin of the Species”, 1859 generation. Darwinian’s have a “biblical” regard for Henry Gray’s, “Anatomy”, first edition, 1858. Finally, William of Saliceto, Anatomia (Chirurgia), 1275 is the oldest, extant anatomical text in the World (The Church ban on “dissection” was in effect). The Scientific Revolutions were 1275, 1543 and 1858 in the science of anatomical dissection.