Here I present: Carl Linnaeus (1707-1778),“System of Nature”, 1735. This is a famous book in Science history for biological, “binomial nomenclature”.
Carl Linnaeus was a medical professor in Sweden. Human & Veterinary (animal) medicine are subjects he knew. His naming using Latin is influenced by the Jerome, BIBLE, translation. His names of the mineral kingdom referred to the book of “Genesis” in the BIBLE. “God created in six (6) days” is the viewpoint of these Latin phrases.
Level #1. (Domain).
Animal, Vegetable, Mineral.
Level #2. (Kingdom).
Animal, Fish, Bird.
Level # 3. (Organism).
Carl Linnaeus gave unique phrases to each species in the book, including Homo sapiens (humans).
Here I presented: Carl Linnaeus (1707-1778), “System of Nature”, 1735. This book gave us “Homo sapiens” as a term for humans.
Carl Linnaeus, in System of Nature, 1735 has the following divisions:
I. Petrae Lapides simplices (rocks)
II. Minerae Lapides compositi (minerals and ores)
III. Fossilia Lapides aggregati (fossils and aggregates)
Carl Linnaeus did know of all nine (9) elements’ of the ancients: carbon, sulfur, lead, mercury, copper, silver, tin, iron and gold. That these nine (9) are native elements’ and exist in Nature in a pure, phase state was understood by Carl Linnaeus.
The Mineral kingdom (level #1) was approached by Antoine Lavoisier, “The Elements’ of Chemistry”, 1789 this book made Lavoisier the founder of “modern chemistry”. Chemical nomenclature begin with this book and it is not “Regnum Lapideum” of Linnaeus. Antoine Lavoisier has the nine (9) elements’ of the ancients; but, the elements’ are “conservation of mass” items from the 1661 definition of Robert Boyle.
Taxonomy is the subject that Carl Linnaeus founded in 1735. Taxonomy is essentially a linguistic subject of standardization of biological names.