Robert Boyle (1627-1691 AD), “The Sceptical Chymist”, 1661 AD was the topic of an earlier blog post.
Mikhail Bakhtin (1895-1975 AD), “Epic and Novel”, 1975 AD also was the topic of an earlier blog post.
Here I present: Robert Boyle, “The Sceptical Chymist”, 1661 AD, Part Two (II). The physicist Robert Boyle in his opposition to Aristotle’s, “Physics” was the end of “alchemy”. Ancient “alchemy” is routinely expressed in the “epic” genre.
The Wikipedia, definition of “epic” is (shown BELOW):
An epic poem’, or simply an epic’, is a lengthy narrative’ poem typically about the extraordinary deeds of extraordinary characters who, in dealing with gods or other superhuman forces, gave shape to the mortal universe for their descendants.
“Epic” according to Arthur Koestler is the most subjective (emotional) form of literature; and, “epic” genre opposes objective (verifiable) language ((shown ABOVE).
“Epic” according Indian-American writer Chitra Banerjee Divakaruni, in “Palace of Illusions”, 2009 AD is quoted BELOW.
“The epic weaves myth, history, religion, science, philosophy, superstition, and statecraft into its innumerable stories-within-stories to create a rich and teeming world filled with psychological complexity.
Here I presented: Robert Boyle, “The Sceptical Chymist”, 1661 AD, PART TWO (II).
Writing, library, archives, university and belief are things with long history.
BELOW is a timeline of the “Lyceum of Aristotle”, Athens GREECE 334 BC. Following the 387 BC of “Academy of Plato”, Athens GREECE these schools are among the beginning of the university.
Mesopotamia’ shown ABOVE in the timeline was the beginning of writing, archiving using cuneiform’ especially the Bogazkoy Archive 𒄩𒀜𒌅𒊭 (Ḫa-at-tu-ša) of modern Turkey’.
Robert Boyle ended “epic” as a genre with the definition of “molecular element” for “alchemy”. In so doing, the science of modern chemistry was born. The ancients of Mesopotamia’ knew of nine (9) chemical elements’ in 3,500 BC. The genre in which ancient elements’ were discussed was “the epic”. The “superhuman” forces of “epic” are not part of modern chemistry.