Harrison Horblit, “100 Books Famous in Science”, 1964 was the topic of an earlier blog post.
- Cyril Darlington, “Chromosome Botany: and, the Origin of Cultivated Plants”, 1963 also was the topic of an earlier blog post.
Here I present: Gregor Mendel (1822-1884), “Experiments in Plant Hybridization”, 1866 which was on breeding of a domesticated plant.
Pisum sativum (peas) are hardy annual plants native to Central Asia (#5 on map BELOW) that have been farmed since 7,000 BC. Pisum sativum (peas) is the subject of Gregor Mendel (1822-1884), “Experiments in Plant Hybridization”, 1866.
- Plant Native Regions Map.
- #1. Chinese-Japanese.
- #2. Indochinese-Indonesian.
- #3. Australian.
- #4. Hindustani.
- #5. Central Asian.
- #6. Near Eastern.
- #7. Mediterranean.
- #8. African.
- # 9. European-Siberian.
- #10. South American.
- #11. Mexican/Central American.
- 12. North American.
Gregor Mendel, through his work on pea plants, discovered the fundamental laws of inheritance. He deduced that genes come in pairs and are inherited as distinct units, one from each parent.
Gregor Mendel’s three (3) laws of inheritance were:
The “ternary graph plot” is a triangular illustration of Mendel’s Three (3) Laws (#1. segregation, #2. independent-assortment & #3. dominance). The symbols Aa AA aa represent three (3) genotypes. The genotypes represent the polymorphism (form “A“, form “a“) for a bi-allelic locus. Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium curve is shown on the graph.
- The “ternary graph plot” of the triangular illustration when blank is shown ABOVE. Gregor Mendel in 1866 produced statistical data for Pisum sativum (peas); and from his statistical data formulated three laws of inheritance.
- Here I presented: Gregor Mendel (1822-1884), “Experiments in Plant Hybridization”, 1866 which was on breeding of a domesticated plant.
Victor McKusick, “Mendelian Inheritance in Man”, 1966 also was the topic of an earlier blog post. In 1966 the “genetic code” (shown ABOVE) was deciphered: and, Victor McKusick published his book “Mendelian Inheritance in Man“, 1966.
The century from Gregor Mendel in 1866; thus, to “genetic code” decipherment in 1966 was the motivation for the book Victor McKusick, “Mendelian Inheritance in Man“.
Humans have migrated from “Trees, to Caves, to Farms, to Cities, to Cyberspace” is a quote from SciFi writer Michael Crichton.
1. Trees to Caves,
2. Caves to Farms,
3. Farms to Cities,
4. Cities to Cyberspace.
Georgios Karakatsanis, “A Thermodynamic Theory of Money”, 2012 asks the following question.
What is money and what does it reflect?
“Money is nothing else but a social covenant. As people live in a society that produces economic goods for its members’ survival and welfare, money is the socially agreed means of exchanging these produced economic goods.”
“Money could take any form; … livestock, … food, plants …”
“For instance, biologically-based money systems (livestock, crops, food) worked very well in purely agricultural societies, where the money and the produced good were the same.”
3. Farm to City (market): (of Michael Crichton) is an agrarian societies of city/market.
- Pisum sativum (peas) have been part of agrarian society since 7,000 BC as “money” in the sense of Georgios Karakatsanis. In 1866 Gregor Mendel was part an agrarian society and formulated three (3) “economic laws”.